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Revision as of 20:44, 14 January 2015 by PeteSegal (Talk | contribs) (Defining a Kit)

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A kit in modo 501 and later versions is a collection of configs, resource images, scripts, plug-ins and content that add a specific set of features to modo. Ideally this is a unified feature set that a user would want to install or uninstall as a unit.

modo finds kits when it searches for configs on startup, and any such directory can contain kits. This includes user:Configs, content:Kits and the main resource directory.

Defining a Kit

A kit is a sub-directory containing a file called index.cfg. This is a normal config file but with a slightly different preamble containing the name of the kit.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <configuration kit="kitName">        [...]

The kit name is an internal name (alphanumeric and underscore only, starting with a letter), and must be globally unique. A alias is automatically created for refering to the kit directory, and is called kit_name.

Specific kits can be included or excluded on specific system types. For example, this kit only loads on the PC.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <configuration kit="kitName" and="nt">        [...]

This one will load in 32-bit modo and on any Mac.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <configuration kit="kitName" and="app32" or="mac">        [...]

The boolean operators are ungrouped and are simply applied in order. Forms like !x86 can also be used for a negative test. The supported keys are:

  • app32 -- 32-bit application on any platform
  • app64 -- 64-bit application on any platform
  • unix -- Linux platform
  • osx, mac -- Macintosh platform
  • win, nt -- Windows platform
  • x86 -- 32-bit Windows
  • x64 -- 64-bit Windows

It's possible to limit kits to specific version or release numbers. This kit will only load in in a version late enough to have a required bug fix. (The xml-safe characters "[" and "]" stand in for the less-than and greater-than operators. "=" also works.)

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <configuration kit="kitName" and="ver]40345">        [...]
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <configuration kit="kitName" and="rel=501">        [...]

Referencing Other Files


The index.cfg file is the only config file read by default. It can contain all the resources for the kit, or it can import other resources by placing them in a sub-directory of the kit and referencing that with an import directive in the index config.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <configuration kit="kitName">

Alternately, the index can import specific resource files.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <configuration kit="kitName">

An alias with kit_kitName: format is the alias for the kit's folder.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <configuration kit="kitName">

The ':' tells modo that the string precedding it should be treated as an alias so '<import>kit_kitName:</import>' is basically importing the root folder of the kit.


The kit can also contain plug-ins, which can be found by putting them into a subdirectory and adding auto-scan directives for 32 and/or 64 bits.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <configuration kit="kitName">
        <atom type="Extensions32">
            <list type="AutoScan">extra</list>
        <atom type="Extensions64">
            <list type="AutoScan">extra</list>

If the kit contains both Windows plug-ins -- which are compiled separately for 32 and 64 bit -- and Mac fat binaries containing code for both architectures, they can be referenced this way:

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <configuration kit="kitName">
        <atom type="Extensions32">
            <list type="AutoScan">win32</list>
            <list type="AutoScan">mac</list>
        <atom type="Extensions64">
            <list type="AutoScan">win64</list>
            <list type="AutoScan">mac</list>

The mac plug-ins will be ignored on Windows and vice-versa.


Scripts can also be referenced from kits. This is done by defining an alias to the script. If the script is in the root of the kit's directory, nothing beyond the script's name is needed.

    <atom type="ScriptSystem">
        <hash type="ScriptAlias" key="myScript">"</hash>
        <hash type="ScriptAlias" key="myScript2">dir/"</hash>

Once defined, the script alias can be used in place of the path to the script. For example, "@myScript" will execute the above script at "", automatically taking into account the alias and the kit's location (or more specifically, the location of the config that the alias is defined in). This will work if the script is called directly by the user (say, from a key mapping they created) or if it is called from within the kit itself.

It is recommended that all scripts used within kits use script aliases to ensure that attempts by the user to map the script to a key will work correctly. An alternative is to execute the script more directly through the kit's path alias, but the script alias is cleaner.


Image resources can also be accessed with relative paths. The image name for an image resource can be relative to the directory that contains the config file making the resource declaration. This fragment defines an icon that could be used for an item type. The key for the image resource has to be globally unique.

    <atom type="UIElements">
        <hash type="image" key="testKit_icons">icon.tga</hash>
        <hash type="Icon" key="item.val.test.texture">
            <atom type="Source">testKit_icons</atom>
            <atom type="Location">0 0 13 13</atom>

Preset Items

Users can also import a kit directory to modo's preset browser through the kit config file. This allows preset items contained within the kit to appear within modo's preset browser without the need to manually add the directory. Each identified directory should be followed with a sequential index number. This fragment will add the folders "MyMaterials" and "MyMeshes" contained in the testKit root folder to modo's preset browser.

    <atom type="DirBrowser">
        <hash type="ClientPath" key="presetChoice@kit_testKit:MyMaterials">1</hash>
        <hash type="ClientPath" key="presetChoice@kit_testKit:MyMeshes">2</hash>

Installing a Kit

Making Installers for modo Kits on OS X

modo Kits installers are created using PackageMaker, which is installed with the Apple Developer Tools. It can be found at:


In the case of Kits, all we need to do to install the Kit is copy it into the content directory (at root level)

/Library/Application Support/Luxology/Content/Kits

and that's it. Note that PackageMaker will create any or all of this path as needed and will not affect any currently existing folders (it's non-destructive).


We'll start by setting up a project folder.Create a folder (anywhere) called MyKitInstaller. This will be our working folder where we build the installer.

Within MyKitInstaller, create the empty folder hierarchy that is where the Kit should be placed in content directory as explained above.In this case, it would be

 /Library/Application Support/Luxology/Content/Kits/myKit

Now put your Kit files in myKit (your index.cfg and all other folders & files that make up your Kit).

Pasted Graphic 3.png

Now it's time to make the installer itself.

Step 1: Setup and OS Version

Launch PackageMaker.You will be greeted with an initial window that looks like the following. You should enter in a suitable value for field using reverse-domain notation. Then select what the oldest version of Mac OS X you want your installer to be able to run on.

Pasted Graphic 1.png

Step 2: Setting Requirements

Now we'll set the Requirements for our installer. From the default initial project you'll only need to set the name and change the Install Destination fields. The important one is Install Destination - we want it to be System volume. Basically, our installer is going to contain a mirror of the final path to our installer and non-destructively extract that into /Library/Application Support/. That's all we're going to need to do for this top level setting.It should now look something like this:

Pasted Graphic 5.png

Step 3: Payload and Configuration

Now we'll add our payload. Drag and Drop the Luxology folder you set up (the one containing kit) onto the Contents area. PackageMaker should look like this:

Pasted Graphic 7.png

The first thing we need to do is make a change to the Configuration tab so switch to it and make sure "Require admin authentication" is off. Now we'll switch to the Contents tab and make sure the "Include root in package" option is selected. It's a good idea to also click on the "Apply Recommendations" button to fix any ownership problems with your payload.

Screen Shot 2012-11-26 at 12.27.47 PM.png

At this point, you should have a functional installer. Save it into your myKitInstaller dir (or wherever). Now clicking Build will actually generate the installer itself (Build and Run of course does just that).

Step 5: Installer Interface

The last thing you probably want to do is edit the interface the user sees. Clicking on the Edit Interface button brings up a window allowing you to add Read Me, License, background art and a message. You can load a text file or simply type in the message. The interface is very straightforward the actual steps for doing these tasks will not be covered but it looks like this:


Making Installers for modo Kits on Windows

modo Kits installers are created using the free and open source NSIS. It can be found at:


NSIS2 is a text based installer compiler, code highlighting is available for many common text editors including Programmer's Notepad

Building the Script

NSIS scripts are broken down into several sections that are best explained by the NSIS documentation, however this script will get you most of the way, replacing any path references with your own.

This first section sets up the included plugins, in this case we're using MUI2 (the modern user interface) WinVer (to determine version of windows) LogicLib and x64, keep in mind that commented lines begin with a ;

;NSIS Luxology Installer V.1
;Kits Installer
;Written by Dion Burgoyne
;Include Modern UI
	!include "MUI2.nsh"
	!include "WinVer.nsh"
	!include "LogicLib.nsh"
	!include "x64.nsh"

This second section contains the variable defines that will be referenced later in the script

;Custom Defines

!define BuildSourcePath "PATH TO SOURCE FILE"
!define BuildSourceExtra "PATH TO EXTRA NEEDED FILES"
!define ContentInstallDir "$DOCUMENTS\Luxology\Content\"
!define productName "NAME OF KIT"
!define versionName "1"
!define uninstallDir "$LOCALAPPDATA\Luxology\modo\KIT NAME\"

!define SetContent $8
!define regKeyInstallDir $9


Here we define our general script parameters, some of these can be automatically filled in with the generated variables from the first section but here they're made manually. The branding name referenced below is the small text that will appear in the lower left corner of the installer.


  ;Name and file
  Name "MY KIT NAME"
  BrandingText "MY BRANDING NAME"

  ;Default installation folder
  InstallDir "$APPDATA\Luxology\Configs\"
  ;Get installation folder from registry if available

  ;Request application privileges for Windows Vista
  RequestExecutionLevel none

Here we define the script interface, colors, background images and icons.

;Interface Configuration

	!define MUI_HEADERIMAGE_BITMAP "${BuildSourceExtra}\PATH TO ART\MYIMAGE.BMP" ; optional
	!define MUI_ICON "${BuildSourceExtra}\PATH TO ICONS\MyIcon128.ico"
	!define MUI_INSTFILESPAGE_COLORS "9db3c2 000000"


Here are the page definitions... In this case we only have a EULA page and an install page (and its Uninstaller)


  !insertmacro MUI_PAGE_LICENSE "${BuildSourceExtra}\Common\EULA\EULA_501.rtf"

	!insertmacro MUI_PAGE_INSTFILES


Language definition

	!insertmacro MUI_LANGUAGE "English"


Here's where the file work is done, this first part is the install section

Section "-My Install Section" SecContent
SetShellVarContext current
	File /r "${BuildSourcePath}\SOURCE FILES\*.*"
SetShellVarContext all
	;Create uninstaller
	CreateDirectory "${uninstallDir}"
	WriteUninstaller "${uninstallDir}uninstall.exe"
	CreateShortCut "$SMPROGRAMS\Luxology\modo\KIT NAME\Uninstall.lnk" "${uninstallDir}uninstall.exe"
	WriteRegStr HKLM "Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\KIT REGISTRY NAME" "DisplayName" "${productName}"


This section is our Description section, it can be anywhere, but visually it helps separate the different code sections


	LangString DESC_SecContent ${LANG_ENGLISH} "NAME OF KIT"


Here's our uninstaller section, this simply undoes everything that was done in the installer section and cleans itself up

;Uninstaller Section

Section "un.Uninstall Content" uncontent
	SetShellVarContext current
	RMDir /r "$APPDATA\Luxology\Configs\NAME OF KIT\"

	SetShellVarContext all
	DeleteRegKey HKLM "Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\KIT REGISTRY NAME"
	Delete "${uninstallDir}uninstall.exe"
	Delete "$SMPROGRAMS\Luxology\modo\WRITE TO PATH\Uninstall.lnk"
	RMDir "$SMPROGRAMS\Luxology\modo\KIT NAME\"


And finally we have our basic plugins function call to setup the plugins at the beginning of the script

Function .onInit


Once the script has been finished you simply need to fire up the NSIS compiler, choose load and navigate to your script. NSIS will take care of the rest!

Making Installers for Modo Kits on Linux

modo kit installers can be created using the free and open source makeself.

Installers are run from the console without a graphical user interface.

Makeself creates a self extracting archive that contains the kit.

We have a custom version of makeself that adds support for a default installation directory using the '--target' flag. By default this version creates a foundry license directory, which you shouldn't need. Use the '--nolicensing' flag to disable this.

Download custom makeself

The modo content installer is created with a single invocation of makeself.

./makeself --target /usr/share/Luxology/Content/ --nolicensing --notemp Content/ "modo Content" echo "Installation Complete"

To create an installer for your kit, first off ensure that you have your kit directory set out as you would like it installed, with an 'index.cfg' file at it's top level. See Defining a Kit for how to write your config file.

The and/or configuration platform value for linux is 'unix'.

So where your configuration on windows might look like this:

<configuration kit-"kitName" and="nt">

and on mac might look like this

<configuration kit-"kitName" and="mac">

on linux it would be this

<configuration kit-"kitName" and="unix">

To create an archive of your kit directory invoke makeself. --nolicensing --notemp MyKitDir "My Kit"

This will create an installer that extracts to the current working directory.

Using our custom version of makeself you can specify a target directory. --nolicensing --target "/usr/share/Luxology/Content/Kits" --notemp MyKitDir "My Kit"

Directory Layout

makeself will place the contents of your archive in to the target directory. It will not include the top level target directory.

So create a directory under the kit source directory.

Below is an example directory layout.

`-- MyKit

    |-- extra
    |   `-- myKitPlugin.lx
    `-- index.cfg

To install to multiple locations in the Content directory, say to install to Contents/Assets/Images and Content/Kits, create a directory structure that maps to the structure of the content directory.

`-- Content
    |-- Assets
    |   `-- Images
    |       `-- myImage.jpg
    `-- Kits
        `-- MyKit
            |-- extra
            |   `-- myKitPlugin.lx
            `-- index.cfg

Now we can use makeself to create an installer which will install to Content/Kits and Content/Assets. --nolicensing --target "/usr/share/Lxuology/Content" --notemp MyKitDir "My Kit"